Hydrogen Bonding Definition ,Examples and Types – Digital Kemistry

What are Hydrogen Bonds?

The force of attraction in which hydrogen atom is covalently bonded to a highly electronegative atom in a molecule is attracted by the unshared electron pair of another electronegative atom in a nearby molecule is called hydrogen bonding.

EXAMPLES OF HYDROGEN BONDING FROM DAILY LIFE

1.Water

2.Protein

3.Honey

4.Soap and detergents

5.DNA

6.Paints

7.Glue

Types of Hydrogen Bonds:

There are two types of Hydrogen bonds.

1.Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonds

2.Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonds

Definition of Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding:

Intermolecular Hydrogen bond formed between two molecules.

Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding Examples:

Hydrogen Bonding between water(H2O) molecule , ammonia (NH3)molecules , Hydrogen Fluoride(HF) molecules.

Definition of Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding:

Hydrogen bond formed between two  different atoms in a  same molecule.

Example of Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding:

o-nitro phenol

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