What is Hydrogen bond -Types of hydrogen bonding with Examples- Digital Kemistry

Hydrogen Bonding

The force of attraction in which a hydrogen atom, which is covalently bonded to a highly electronegative atom in a molecule is attracted by the lone pair electron of another electronegative atom in a nearby molecule is called hydrogen bonding.

Types of Hydrogen Bonding:

There are two types of hydrogen bonding

1.Intermolecular Hydrogen Bonding

2. Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding

Intermolecular Hydrogen bonds are formed between two molecules.

Intramolecular Hydrogen bonds are formed between two different atoms in the same molecule.

Is the Hydrogen bonding between water molecules intermolecular or intramolecular:

Types of H-bonds

Examples of Intermolecular H-bonds:

  1. Hydrogen bonds between HF molecules.
H-bonds between H-F

2. Hydrogen bonds between NH3 molecules.

H-bonding in ammonia

3. Hydrogen bonds between H2O molecules.

Water molecule can make 4 H-bonds

Examples of Intramolecular H-bonds:

Hydrogen bonding in o-nitro phenol.

Hydrogen bond in o-nitro phenol

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