basic chemistry

Methyl Cation , Methyl Anion and Methyl Radical – Organic Chemistry – Digital Kemistry

Do you Know !!!

Methyl Cation , Methyl Anion and Methyl Radical are the reaction intermediate in Organic Chemistry.

As a result of C-H bond cleavage of methane molecule following chemical species are formed.

1.Methyl cation

2.Methyl anion

3.Methyl radical

Bond Cleavage in methane molecule:

Methane is a stable molecule.

Two types of bond cleavage(breakage) takes place in methane molecule .

Homolytic cleavage:

Covalent bond breakage in which the shared electrons is split evenly between the atoms.

Heterolytic cleavage:

Covalent bond breakage in which the shared electrons are retained by more electronegative atom.

As a result of heterolytic cleavage ,methyl cation and methyl anion is formed and methyl radical is formed as a result of homolytic cleavage.

Methyl Cation Formation:

When the methyl group is attached to more electronegative element,the more electronegative element will pull the electron pair results in the formation of methyl cation.

Methyl cation is carbocation and is act as a Lewis acid because it is electron deficient and electron acceptor specie.

Methyl Cation Formation:

When the methyl group is attached to less electronegative element ,the carbon in methyl pulls the electron pair from less electronegative element results in the formation of methyl anion.

Methyl anion is carbanion and is act as a Lewis base because it is electron rich and electron pair donor specie.

Methyl Radical Formation:

As a result of homolytic cleavage of methane molecule ,the shared electron pair is evenly distributed between the carbon and hydrogen of methane results in the formation of methyl free radical and hydrogen free radical .

Also Read!!!

Methyl Radical Definition ,Formula ,Lewis Structure ,Shape ,Bond Angle ,Hybridization

Watch Now !!!

Methyl Radical ( in Urdu / Hindi)

Also Watch Now !!!

Free Radical ( in Urdu / Hindi)

Homolytic vs Heterolytic Cleavage – Bond Cleavage (in Urdu/ Hindi)

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