chemistry

BuckyBalls New Allotrope of Carbon- Organic Chemistry

Buckyball is the allotropic form of carbon.

Buckyball is a member of the class of structures called carbon fullerenes.

Fullerenes were also discovered in outer space.

Topics Covered:

  1. What is a Bucky ball?

2. Why they are called Buckyballs?

3. Buckyballs Shape

4. Common Buckyballs

5. Smallest Buckyballs

6. Higher Buckyballs

7. Uses of Buckyballs

Allotrope

Two or more structural forms of the same chemical element are called allotropes.

Allotropes of Carbon:

Diamond, graphite and buckyballs are the three allotropic forms of carbon.

What is a Buckyball?

The spherical fullerene is called Buckyball.

Fullerenes are molecules composed entirely of carbon atoms in the

form of a hollow sphere, ellipsoid or tube.

Appearance:

Like soccer ( football)

Most common Buckyball: C60

Smallest Buckyball: C20

Higher Buckyball: C60 , C70 , C76 , C84.

Why they are called Buckyball?

Buckyballs consist of carbon atoms.

(carbon atoms linked to three other carbon atoms by covalent bond)

In Buckyballs, carbon atoms are connected in hexagons & pentagons patterns.

Uses of Buckyballs:

  • Superconductor
  • Powerful anti-oxidant
  • Used to deliver drugs to infected areas
  • Fight against HIV virus
  • Used in anti-ageing & anti-wrinkle creams
  • Used as a cutting tool

Recommeded video:

Buckyballs
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