Covalent Bond Definition and Examples – Digital Kemistry

What is a covalent bond?

A covalent bond is formed by the mutual sharing of electrons between the atoms.

Covalent bond formation

TYPES OF COVALENT BONDS

Covalent Bonds on the basis of electron pairs:

Single Covalent Bond

Double Covalent Bond

Triple Covalent Bond

Single covalent bond:

Sharing of one electron pair results in the formation of a single covalent bond.

Identification & Representation:

single bond

Example of a Single covalent bond:

H2 ,Cl2 ,F2 ,CH4 etc..

single bond example

Double covalent bond:

Sharing of two-electron pairs results in the formation of a double covalent bond.

double bond

Example of Double covalent bond:

O2 , CO2 etc.

double bond example

Triple covalent bond:

Sharing of three electron pairs results in the formation of a triple covalent bond.

triple bond

Example of Triple covalent bond:

N2 ,C2H2 etc.

triple bond example

Types of Covalent Bonds on the basis of Electronegativity Difference:

Polar Covalent bond

Non-Polar Covalent bond

Polar Covalent bond

unequal sharing of electrons results in the formation of a non-polar covalent bond.

For example HF, HCl, HBr, H2O etc.

Electronegativity difference

Produce partial charges

polar bond

Examples of Polar Bond:

  1. HF Watch Now : (Is HF Polar or Nonpolar) in Urdu /Hindi.

2. H2O

Watch Now: Is H2O Polar or Nonpolar in Urdu /Hindi.

Non-Polar Covalent bond

equal sharing of electrons results in the formation of a non-polar covalent bond.

For example H2, Cl2, F2, O2 etc.

Having  no electronegativity difference

Equal sharing/charge distribution

non-polar bond

Also Watch !!!

Covalent bonds Definition Examples and Types( Urdu /Hindi)

This video will help you in understanding the concept of Covalent bonds with the help of the easiest definition, examples of covalent bonds and also the types of covalent bonds. You will be able to understand the types of covalent bonds on the basis of electron pair sharing, Single Covalent Bond Double Covalent Bond Triple Covalent Bond along with definitions and examples. Also discuss the types of covalent bonds on the basis of electronegativity difference, which is a polar covalent bond and non-polar covalent bonds with definition and examples.

Also Read !!!

Ionic Bond

Covalent Bond

Coordinate Covalent Bond

Hydrogen Bonding and its Types

Metallic Bond 

Why is H+ referred to as a proton?

What are free radicals

What is the difference between Shell , Subshell and Orbital 

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