class 12 organic chemistry notes

Free Radical Substitution, Electrophilic Substitution and Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions Notes

Do you know!! What is substitution reaction? “The chemical reactions in which an atom or group of atoms directly attached to the carbon in the substrate molecule is replaced by another more reactive atom or group of atoms are called substitution reactions”. Substrate: The molecule in which substitution takes place is called a substrate. Example: …

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Detection of Nitrogen in Organic Compound by Lassaigne’s Solution

Do you know !!! Detection of Nitrogen: Procedure: Step 1: Take 2ml of lassaigne’s filtrate in a test tube and add a few drops of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution to it. Step 2: Now add a few ml of freshly prepared ferrous sulphate (FeSO4) solution to the test tube. Step 3: Boil the solution. The …

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Detection of Carbon and Hydrogen in an Organic Compound – Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! Qualitative analysis is a method that is used to detect the elements present in an organic compound. The main elements present in organic compounds are carbon, hydrogen as well as Nitrogen, Sulphur and Halogens. The following method is used for the detection of carbon and hydrogen in the organic compound. Detection …

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What are the Main Sources of Organic Compounds – Chemistry

Do you know !!  Berzelius gave vital force theory in 1809 . According to ‘Vital Force Theory’ 1.Organic compounds are prepared only inside the bodies of living organisms by a super natural force called vital force. 2.It is impossible to synthesize organic compounds in laboratory. Rejection of Vital Force theory: In 1828, Friedrich Wohler (a …

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