organic chemistry

General Methods of Preparation of Aliphatic Alkanes Notes

Methods of Preparation of Alkanes: Table of content By Hydrogenation of unsaturated hydrocarbons By Reduction of Alkyl Halides By Hydrolysis of Grignard Reagent By Wurtz’s Reaction By Decarboxylation of Mono-carboxylic Acids Kolbe’s Electrolysis Preparation of alkanes by Hydrogenation of unsaturated hydrocarbons (Sabatier Sendern’s reaction): Alkanes can be prepared by passing alkenes or alkynes over finely …

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Naming of Organic Compounds | Common vs IUPAC Nomenclature Notes

The naming of organic compounds: Nomenclature: The systematic process of naming organic compounds is called nomenclature. At the beginning of organic chemistry, each new compound was given an individual name. These names were based on : 1.its source  2.property 3.on the name of the discoverer 4.based on history 5.method of preparation For Example: Formic acid, …

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Difference between Alpha Carbon Beta Carbon and Gamma Carbon

Alpha Carbon Beta Carbon and Gamma Carbon Organic Chemistry:          Alpha Carbon         Beta Carbon        Gamma Carbon The carbon atom to which the functional group is attached directly in an organic compound is known as alpha (α) carbon. Carbon next attached directly to alpha carbon in an organic compound is known as beta (β) …

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What is the difference between open chain alkanes and cycloalkanes?

Do you know !! The open chain alkanes and cycloalkanes can be easily differentiate with the help of characteristic features. Features of alkanes and cycloalkanes:                  Open chain alkanes              Cycloalkanes                Open chain alkanes have an open chain of carbon atoms and have no cycle or …

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How to find 1 degree 2 degree 3 degree Carbons – Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! Types of Carbon( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 degree carbon ) and Hydrogen atoms in organic chemistry. Primary( 10) carbon and primary hydrogens: The carbon attached to one other carbon or no other carbon is called 10 carbon or primary carbon, while hydrogens attached to primary carbon are called …

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Alkyl Radical Definition, Formula and Naming |Alkyl groups – Chemistry

Objectives: What is an alkyl radical? General representation of alkyl radical What is the general formula for alkyl radicals? Alkyl groups Formation Alkyl radical naming list What is an alkyl radical? In Chemistry, alkyl radical is defined as the group which is obtained by the removal of one hydrogen atom from any alkane. Alkyl Radical …

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Difference between Partial Synthesis and Total Synthesis – Chemistry

Difference between Partial synthesis and Total synthesis: Do you know!! What are natural products? Those compounds which are produced by plants and animals are called natural compounds or natural products. Natural Product Chemistry: The study of the chemistry of natural products is called natural product chemistry. These natural products are synthesized by two methods: 1. …

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Detection Of Oxygen in an Organic Compounds- Organic Chemistry

Oxygen can not be detected by any direct method but for its detection, some Indirect methods are used. Methods for detecting Oxygen: There are three methods or tests for the detection of oxygen in organic compounds Heating of Organic compound alone In a nitrogen atmosphere oxygen-containing functional groups Test Combustion Analysis Method 1: The given …

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Detection of Halogens in Organic Compound – Lassaigne’s Solution – Silver Nitrate Test

Do you know !!! Detection of Halogens: (Silver Nitrate Test) The following steps help in the detection of halogens in an organic compound. Lasseigne’s solution or sodium fusion extract is used for preparation for the detection of nitrogen, sulphur and halogens in the given organic compound. Procedure: Step 1: Take Lasseigne’s filtrate in a test …

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