organic compounds notes

General Methods of Preparation of Cyclic Alkanes- Organic Chemistry Notes

General Methods of Preparation of Cyclic Alkanes: Cyclic alkanes are prepared by the following methods: Preparation of cyclic alkanes by Hydrogenation of Cycloalkanes: Cycloalkanes react with hydrogen in presence of nickel or platinum catalyst and produce cycloalkanes. Preparation of cyclic alkanes by Hydrogenation of Aromatic Compounds: Check out!! -> Class 10 Chemistry Full book pdf …

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Difference between Partial Synthesis and Total Synthesis – Chemistry

Difference between Partial synthesis and Total synthesis: Do you know!! What are natural products? Those compounds which are produced by plants and animals are called natural compounds or natural products. Natural Product Chemistry: The study of the chemistry of natural products is called natural product chemistry. These natural products are synthesized by two methods: 1. …

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Detection of Phosphorus in Organic Compounds

Detection of Phosphorus: The procedure for the detection of phosphorus in an organic compound involves the following steps. Step 1 : An organic compound is heated strongly with an oxidizing agent such as concentrated nitric acid (HNO3) and a mixture of sodium carbonate( Na2CO3) and potassium nitrate (KNO3). Step 2: The residue is extracted with …

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Preparation of Lassaigne’s Solution- Detection of Elements

Lassaigne’s Solution(Sodium Extract): Lassaigne’s solution or sodium fusion extract should be prepared to detect Nitrogen, Sulphur and halogens in the given organic compound. Materials Required: Following is the list of materials required for the preparation of lassaigne’s solution. Sodium metal Distilled water Organic compound Test tube Fusion tube China dish Funnel Wire gauze Tripod stand’ …

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BuckyBalls New Allotrope of Carbon- Organic Chemistry

Buckyball is the allotropic form of carbon. Buckyball is a member of the class of structures called carbon fullerenes. Fullerenes were also discovered in outer space. Topics Covered: What is a Bucky ball? 2. Why they are called Buckyballs? 3. Buckyballs Shape 4. Common Buckyballs 5. Smallest Buckyballs 6. Higher Buckyballs 7. Uses of Buckyballs …

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Functional Group Definition and Examples -Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! The active site or the functional part of organic compounds is called the functional group. Functional group Definition: A functional group is an atom or group of atoms that gives characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. Chemical properties depend on the functional group because it takes part in a chemical …

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Fractional Distillation of Petroleum| Refining of Crude oil – Organic Chemistry

Petroleum: Petroleum is an important fossil fuel. Petro means rock and oleum mean oil. So petroleum is also called rock oil. It is a thick viscous liquid of brown or greenish-black colour. It is produced by the decay of living organisms buried in the earth’s crust million years ago. Petroleum in unrefined form is called …

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Classification of Chemical Compounds – Organic Chemistry Lecture

Do you know !! How do you classify chemical compounds on the basis of source? Classification of Chemical compounds: There are two main classes of Chemical compounds. Organic compounds 2. Inorganic compounds They are classified on the basis of the source from which they were derived. Organic compounds: The compounds which were of plant or …

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What is the meaning of Vital Force Theory -Organic Chemistry Notes

Topics covered: 1.What is the meaning of Vital Force theory ? 2. Vital Force theory was proposed by 3. Vital Force theory was rejected by 4. Organic compounds definition and examples 5. Inorganic compounds definition and examples Do you Know !!! Fundamental Principles of Organic Chemistry Vital Force Theory  Berzelius gave vital force theory in …

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