organic compounds

hydrocarbons notes

Class 10 Chemistry Chapter Hydrocarbons Full Chapter Notes

Chapter: Hydrocarbons Introduction: Definition of Hydrocarbons: Only carbon and hydrogen atoms containing organic compounds are called as hydrocarbons. Types of Hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbons are of three types namely; Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes. These three hydrocarbons can be differentiated from each other on the basis of the type of covalent bond present between their carbon atoms. However, …

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Classification of Organic Compounds Based on Structure

Classification of Organic Compounds Organic compounds are hydrocarbons and its derivatives. Due to the unique properties of organic compounds that carbon is not only linked with carbon but also with other elements like nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur etc to form a long chain or ring compounds. Therefore, organic compounds are in millions. To study organic compounds …

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Alkyne Nomenclature | Common vs IUPAC System – Organic Chemistry

Alkynes Alkynes are unsaturated hydrocarbons which have at least one carbon-carbon triple bond and a general molecular formula CnH2n-2.  Their functional group is – C ≡ C –. Alkyne Nomenclature: Common System: In the common system, alkynes are considered alkyl derivatives of acetylene (the smallest member of the family). First names of alkyl groups present …

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Preparation of Alkenes – Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Hydrocarbons Notes

Methods of Preparation of Alkenes are as follow: By Dehydration of Alcohols: The removal of water is called dehydration. Alcohols when heated with dehydrating agents like H2SO4 or Al2O3 or P4O10 (also written as P2O5) they lose water so they are dehydrated to corresponding alkenes. The ease of dehydration in alcohols is in the order …

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Uses of Alkanes – Hydrocarbons Notes

Do you know!!! Uses of Alkanes: Following are the uses of alkanes. Alkanes are used as fuel. e.g. refinery gas, gasoline, kerosene oil, diesel oil all are mixture of alkanes and are used as fuel. By catalytic oxidation of alkanes fatty acids (carboxylic acids) are prepared which are used in soap and vegetable oils. By …

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General Methods of Preparation of Cyclic Alkanes- Organic Chemistry Notes

General Methods of Preparation of Cyclic Alkanes: Cyclic alkanes are prepared by the following methods: Preparation of cyclic alkanes by Hydrogenation of Cycloalkanes: Cycloalkanes react with hydrogen in presence of nickel or platinum catalyst and produce cycloalkanes. Preparation of cyclic alkanes by Hydrogenation of Aromatic Compounds: Check out!! -> Class 10 Chemistry Full book pdf …

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Difference between Alpha Carbon Beta Carbon and Gamma Carbon

Alpha Carbon Beta Carbon and Gamma Carbon Organic Chemistry:          Alpha Carbon         Beta Carbon        Gamma Carbon The carbon atom to which the functional group is attached directly in an organic compound is known as alpha (α) carbon. Carbon next attached directly to alpha carbon in an organic compound is known as beta (β) …

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How to find 1 degree 2 degree 3 degree Carbons – Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! Types of Carbon( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 degree carbon ) and Hydrogen atoms in organic chemistry. Primary( 10) carbon and primary hydrogens: The carbon attached to one other carbon or no other carbon is called 10 carbon or primary carbon, while hydrogens attached to primary carbon are called …

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What are Partial Synthesis and Total Synthesis in Simple Words?

Partial synthesis and Total synthesis: Do you know!! What are natural products? Those compounds which are produced by plants and animals are called natural compounds or natural products. Natural Product Chemistry: The study of the chemistry of natural products is called natural product chemistry. These natural products are synthesized by two methods: 1. Partial synthesis …

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