organic compounds

Homologous Series Definition, Formula, Types and Characteristics – Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! Organic compounds are classified into different series on the basis of functional groups. These series are called homologous series. Thus the study of organic compounds becomes easier. Homologous Series: Homo means “same ” and series means “sequence” so A series of organic compounds have the same functional group, same chemical properties …

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Functional Group Definition and Examples -Organic Chemistry

Do you know !! The active site or the functional part of organic compounds is called the functional group. Functional group Definition: A functional group is an atom or group of atoms that gives characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. Chemical properties depend on the functional group because it takes part in a chemical …

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Fractional Distillation of Petroleum| Refining of Crude oil – Organic Chemistry

Petroleum: Petroleum is an important fossil fuel. Petro means rock and oleum mean oil. So petroleum is also called rock oil. It is a thick viscous liquid of brown or greenish-black colour. It is produced by the decay of living organisms buried in the earth’s crust million years ago. Petroleum in unrefined form is called …

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Destructive distillation of Coal Experiment – Organic Chemistry

Strong heating of coal in the absence of air or oxygen is called destructive distillation. Coal (Fossil Fuel): Coal is an important solid fossil fuel. Destructive distillation of coal provides useful by-products. The fundamental by-products of coal are: • coke • coal tar • ammoniacal alcohol • coal gas Destructive Distillation of Coal Experiment: Let’s …

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Destructive distillation of Coal

What is the Destructive distillation of Coal?  When coal is heated in absence of air, its destructive distillation or carbonization occurs. Main Products obtained from Destructive Distillation: Destructive distillation of coal produces the following products. Coal gas: Coal gas is also called town gas. It is a mixture of H2, CO, and CH4. Hydrogen and …

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Types of Coal | Coal Formation Process | Organic Compounds

Do you know !! What is Coal? Coal is an important solid fossil fuel. It is a black mineral of plant origin found under the earth’s crust. How Coal is formed? Dead plants, which were buried under the earth’s crust millions of years ago, due to different bacterial and chemical reactions first converted into peat …

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What are the Main Sources of Organic Compounds – Chemistry

Do you know !!  Berzelius gave vital force theory in 1809 . According to ‘Vital Force Theory’ 1.Organic compounds are prepared only inside the bodies of living organisms by a super natural force called vital force. 2.It is impossible to synthesize organic compounds in laboratory. Rejection of Vital Force theory: In 1828, Friedrich Wohler (a …

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Classification of Chemical Compounds – Organic Chemistry Lecture

Do you know !! How do you classify chemical compounds on the basis of source? Classification of Chemical compounds: There are two main classes of Chemical compounds. Organic compounds 2. Inorganic compounds They are classified on the basis of the source from which they were derived. Organic compounds: The compounds which were of plant or …

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What is the meaning of Vital Force Theory -Organic Chemistry Notes

Topics covered: 1.What is the meaning of Vital Force theory ? 2. Vital Force theory was proposed by 3. Vital Force theory was rejected by 4. Organic compounds definition and examples 5. Inorganic compounds definition and examples Do you Know !!! Fundamental Principles of Organic Chemistry Vital Force Theory  Berzelius gave vital force theory in …

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