Do you Know !!!
What are free radicals?
Free radical Definition
Chemical species (atom/molecule) having unpaired valence shell electron.
For example :
Hydrogen atom having unpaired valence electron (1e-).
Similarly, the Chlorine atom has an unpaired valence electron (7e-).
unpaired electrons indicate an odd number of valence shell electrons .
Watch Now !!!
Free Radical Animated video in Urdu / Hindi:
How does free radical form?
Homolytic cleavage of the molecule (formed by the sharing of electrons via a covalent bond) results in the formation of free radicals.
What is Homolytic Cleavage?
Covalent bond breakage is when the shared electrons are split evenly between the products.
Representation of free radicals:
unpaired valence shell electron in free radical is represented by a dot.
Examples of free radicals:
Formation of Chlorine free radicals :
Cl2 is a stable Chlorine molecule. When the homolytic cleavage of the chlorine molecule takes place in the presence of light, it will result in the even distribution of electrons between the products as chlorine free radicals.
As you can see in the diagram the chlorine free radicals having 7 valence electrons (unpaired/odd electron numbers) indicates chlorine free radical formation.
Why free radicals are highly reactive?
free radicals are highly reactive due to the unpaired valence electron.
Properties of free radicals:
- Free radicals having unpaired valence electrons
- Free radicals are highly reactive
- Free radicals are paramagnetic in nature
5 thoughts on “What are Free Radicals in Simple Words?”
Pingback: Methyl Free Radical Structure ,Hybridization, Formation – Digital Kemistry – Best Chemistry Blogs & Tutorials – Digital Kemistry Youtube
Pingback: Hyperconjugation | Hyperconjugation Effect in Carbocation – Organic Chemistry | Digital Kemistry – Best Chemistry Blogs & Tutorials – Digital Kemistry Youtube
What i do not understood is if truth be told how you’re now not
really a lot more neatly-preferred than you might be right now.
You’re so intelligent. You already know therefore considerably with regards to this
matter, made me for my part imagine it from so many various angles.
Its like women and men are not involved unless it is one thing to accomplish with
Girl gaga! Your own stuffs excellent. All the time handle it up!
This is my first time visit at here and i am truly impressed to read all at one place.
Pingback: Fundamentals of Chemistry mcqs