What is a chemical bond?
Identify and define the four major types of chemical bonding?
The attractive forces that hold the atom together to form a chemical compound or molecule are called chemical bonds.
Why do atoms form chemical bonds?
- The chemical reactivity of free elements other than inert gas elements is due to incomplete octet in their outermost shell.
- Therefore, to attain stability and to complete the outermost shell with electrons, atoms combine chemically to form chemical bonds.
- Molecules of the same elements consist of the same kind of atoms
- While molecules of the compounds are made up of different kinds of atoms.
Types of Chemical Bonds:
Chemical bonds are of the following types
- Ionic bond
- Covalent bond
- Co-ordinate covalent bond
- Metallic bond
The chemical bond which is formed by the complete transfer of electrons from one atom to another atom is called an Ionic bond.
The chemical bond which is formed by the mutual sharing of electrons between atoms is called a Covalent bond.
Co-ordinate covalent bond:
The covalent bond in which a shared pair of electrons is donated by one of the two bonded atoms is called a Co-ordinate covalent bond.
NH4 + (Ammonium Ion)
The positively charged ions are held together by mobile electrons are called Metallic bonds.
All metals have metallic bonds.
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